Family is a cultural, legal, sociological and individually defined concept. It is fundamental social group typically include what is referred to as a nuclear family – father, mother and one or more children. Other definition of a family includes all the members of a household living under one roof. Families can also be defined by the ways person behave toward one another or how relationship function in the lives of people.

Friday, December 6, 2019

Infertility: Causes and definition

Infertility is “a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.”

Infertility is a condition affecting one fifth to one sixth of couples in reproductive age. Within the field of reproductive health, infertility implies a deficiency that does not compromise the physical integrity of the individual, nor is it life-threatening.

However, such deficiency may negatively impact the development of the individual, bringing about frustration and weakening the personality, since most couples consider having children as a vital objective. As compared to other species, the human being is highly inefficient in terms of reproduction.

Infertility can be attributed to any abnormality in the female or male reproductive system. In most cases, the etiology is distributed fairly equally among male factors, ovarian dysfunction, and tubal factors.

A smaller percentage of cases are attributed to endometriosis, uterine or cervical fac-tors, or other causes.

According to the Center of Disease Control (CDC, 2013), the causes of female infertility can be divided into three broad categories including defective ovulation, transport and implantation.

Ovulation disorders appear to be the most common cause of infertility in women. Ovulation is the monthly release of an egg. The eggs may never be released or they may only be released in some cycles.

According to the CDC (2013), male causes of infertility are divided into the following four main categories:
* Defective Spermatogenesis
* Defective Transport
* Ineffective Delivery
Infertility: Causes and definition
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