Family is a cultural, legal, sociological and individually defined concept. It is fundamental social group typically include what is referred to as a nuclear family – father, mother and one or more children. Other definition of a family includes all the members of a household living under one roof. Families can also be defined by the ways person behave toward one another or how relationship function in the lives of people.

Saturday, August 27, 2016

Kinship definition

Kinship is another word for a way of defining and organizing one’s relative. Those people who are related through birth or blood are known as consanguineal relatives; those to whom are related through marriage are affinal relatives. Each society has a well-understood system of defining relationships between these different types of relatives.

It is the basis of social structure in all societies but in the traditional, non-western societies on which anthropologists have long focused, it is guiding principle of social relations.

In most of the world’s cultures, kinship is central in determining people’s rights and responsibilities.

In Western societies, other principles of social organization - such as work, citizenship and common economic and political interest are also important as bases for group formation and frameworks within which individual rights and obligations are articulated.

In contemporary industrial societies this is less true: a person fills a given position not because of who he or she is, but because of what he and she can do.

But this is an exception rather than the rule; in the most societies a person occupies a social position mainly on the basis of his or her relationships to other members of the group.

The facts of biological relatedness and sexual relations play a fundamental role in American kinship, for they are symbols, culturally formulated symbols in terms of which a system of social relationships is defined and differentiated.
Kinship definition

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